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intertextuality and allusion

from Wikipedia’s entry on intertextuality:

Intertextuality is the shaping of texts’ meanings by other texts. It can refer to an author’s borrowing and transformation of a prior text or to a reader’s referencing of one text in reading another.

Kristeva’s coinage of “intertextuality” represents an attempt to synthesize Ferdinand de Saussure’s structuralist semiotics-his study of how signs derive their meaning within the structure of a text-with Bakhtin’s dialogism-his examination of the multiple meanings, or “heteroglossia,” in each text (especially novels) and word (Irwin, 228). For Kristeva (69), “the notion of intertextuality replaces the notion of intersubjectivity” when we realize that meaning is not transferred directly from writer to reader but instead is mediated through, or filtered by, “codes” imparted to the writer and reader by other texts. For example, when we read Joyce’s Ulysses we decode it as a modernist literary experiment, or as a response to the epic tradition, or as part of some other conversation, or as part of all of these conversations at once. This intertextual view of literature, as shown by Roland Barthes, supports the concept that the meaning of an artistic work does not reside in that work, but in the viewers. More recent post-structuralist theory, such as that formulated in Daniela Caselli’s Beckett’s Dantes: Intertextuality in the Fiction and Criticism (MUP 2005), re-examines “intertextuality” as a production within texts, rather than as a series of relationships between different texts.

from Wikipedia’s entry on allusion:

An allusion is a figure of speech that makes a reference or representation of or to a well-known person, place, event, literary work, or work of art. M.H. Abrams defined allusion as “a brief reference, explicit or indirect, to a person, place or event, or to another literary work or passage”.[1] It is left to the reader or hearer to make the connection (Fowler); an overt allusion is a misnomer for what is simply a reference.

In a freer informal definition allusion is a passing or casual reference; an incidental mention of something, either directly or by implication.

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